Document Detail


Gastric emptying in newborns and young infants. Measurement of the rate of emptying using indium-113m-microcolloid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1155070     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The rate of gastric emptying was measured in newborns and young infants by a new radio-isotopic method. 28 control babies and 6 infants with projectile vomiting were given a 50 ml standard milk feeding containing 15 muCi of Indium-113m-microcolloid. The radioactivity in the stomach was counted at regular intervals with a gamma-camera. The gastric emptying followed an exponential pattern with a "half-life" of 87 plus or minus 29 minutes in 24 out of 28 control babies. In 6 patients with projectile vomiting gastric emptying was impaired severely. Three of them with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis showed complete stasis of gastric contents. Gastric emptying returned to normal 8-16 days after pyloromyotomy. It is suggested that the radioisotopic technique is helpful in evaluating the severity of pyloric stenosis and that it is of value in studies of the action of pharmacological substances on gastric emptying.
Authors:
E Signer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0001-656X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Publication Date:  1975 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-11-08     Completed Date:  1975-11-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0000211     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  525-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Half-Life
Humans
Indium
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Pyloric Stenosis / diagnosis*
Radioisotopes
Stomach / physiology,  physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioisotopes; 7440-74-6/Indium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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