Document Detail


Gastric bypass in a low-income, inner-city population: eating disturbances and weight loss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15229335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of eating disturbances and psychiatric disorders among extremely obese patients before and after gastric bypass surgery and to examine the relationship between these disturbances and weight outcomes. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Sixty-five women patients (ages 19 to 67) with a mean BMI of 54.1 were assessed by semistructured psychiatric interview before surgery and by telephone interview after surgery (mean follow-up: 16.4 months) to determine psychiatric status, eating disturbances, and weight and health-related variables. RESULTS: Patients lost a mean of 71% of their excess BMI, with significantly poorer weight loss outcomes among African Americans. Psychiatric disorders remained prevalent before (37%) and after (41%) surgery. In contrast, binge eating disorder dropped from 48% to 0%. Psychiatric diagnosis did not affect weight outcomes. Instead, more frequent preoperative binge eating, along with greater initial BMI, follow-up length, and postoperative exercise, predicted greater BMI loss. Postsurgical health behaviors (exercise and smoking) and nocturnal eating episodes were also linked to weight loss. Exercise frequency increased and smoking frequency tended to decrease after surgery. DISCUSSION: These findings indicated that eating and psychiatric disturbances did not inhibit weight loss after gastric bypass and should not contraindicate surgery. Prior binge eating, eliminated after surgery, predicted BMI loss and, thus, may have previously been a maintaining factor in the obesity of these patients. The association between health behaviors and outcome suggests possible targets for intervention to improve surgical results. Poorer outcomes among African Americans indicate that these patients should be closely monitored and supported after surgery.
Authors:
Janet D Latner; Scott Wetzler; Elliot R Goodman; Juliet Glinski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity research     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1071-7323     ISO Abbreviation:  Obes. Res.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-01     Completed Date:  2004-10-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305691     Medline TA:  Obes Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  956-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand. janet.latner@canterbury.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Body Mass Index
Bulimia / psychology
Eating Disorders / psychology*
Female
Gastric Bypass / psychology*
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Mental Disorders / complications,  psychology,  therapy
Middle Aged
New York City
Obesity, Morbid / psychology*,  surgery*
Poverty
Urban Population
Weight Loss

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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