Document Detail


Gap detection by early-deafened cochlear-implant subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10089607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two studies investigating gap-detection thresholds were conducted with cochlear-implant subjects whose onset of profound hearing loss was very early in life. The Cochlear Limited multiple-electrode prosthesis was used. The first study investigated the effects of pulse rate (200, 500, and 1000 pulses/s) and stimulus duration (500 and 1000 ms) on gap thresholds in 15 subjects. Average gap thresholds were 1.8 to 32.1 ms. There was essentially no effect of pulse rate and for almost all subjects, no effect of stimulus duration. For two subjects, performance was poorer for the 1000-ms stimulus duration. The second study investigated the relationships between gap thresholds, subject variables, and speech-perception scores. Data from the first study were combined with those from previous studies [Busby et al., Audiology 31, 95-111 (1992); Tong et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 951-962 (1988)], providing data from 27 subjects. A significant negative correlation was found between age at onset of deafness and gap thresholds and most variability in gap thresholds was for the congenitally deaf subjects. Significant negative correlations were found between gap thresholds and word scores for open-set Bamford-Kowal-Bench (BKB) sentences in the auditory-visual condition and lipreading enhancement scores for the same test.
Authors:
P A Busby; G M Clark
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1999 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-06-07     Completed Date:  1999-06-07     Revised Date:  2006-12-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1841-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age Factors
Auditory Threshold / physiology
Child
Cochlear Implantation*
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis*,  surgery*
Humans
Lipreading
Severity of Illness Index
Speech Perception / physiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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