Document Detail

Gamma knife surgery for intracranial cavernous hemangioma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15662789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to assess the benefits of radiosurgery for cavernous hemangioma. METHODS: Sixty-five cavernous hemangiomas were treated with gamma knife surgery (GKS) between October 1994 and December 2002. Forty-two patients attended follow up. The mean patient age was 37.6 years (range 7-60 years). The lesions were located in the frontal lobe in 12 cases, deep in the parietal lobe in five, in the basal ganglia in five, in the temporal in three, in the cerebellum in three, in the pons/midbrain in six, and in multiple locations in eight cases. The presenting symptoms were seizure in 12, hemorrhage in 11, and other in 19. The maximum dose was 26.78 Gy, and the mean margin dose was 14.55 Gy. The mean follow-up period after radiosurgery was 29.6 months (range 5-93 months). The tumor decreased in size in 29 cases, was unchanged in 12, and increased in size in one. In the seizure group, seizures were controlled without anticonvulsant medication in nine cases (81.8%) after 31.3 months (range 12-80 months). After 93 months, one patient developed a cyst, which was resected. Rebleeding occurred in one case (2.3%). On T2-weighted imaging changes were seen in 11 cases (26.2%), in three (7.1 %) of which neurological deterioration was correlated with imaging changes. In other cases these deficits were temporary. CONCLUSIONS: The authors found that GKS was an effective treatment modality for cavernous hemangiomas, especially for those located within the brainstem, basal ganglia, or deep portions of the brain. It can reduce seizure frequency significantly although this takes time. In the group receiving a marginal dose below 15 Gy the patients fared better than when the dose exceeded 15 Gy.
Moo Seong Kim; Se Young Pyo; Young Gyun Jeong; Sun Il Lee; Yong Tae Jung; Jae Hong Sim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  102 Suppl     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-24     Completed Date:  2005-02-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Basal Ganglia / pathology,  surgery
Brain Neoplasms / complications,  pathology,  surgery*
Cerebellum / pathology,  surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Frontal Lobe / pathology,  surgery
Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System / complications,  pathology,  surgery*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Parietal Lobe / pathology,  surgery
Pons / pathology,  surgery
Radiation Dosage
Radiosurgery / instrumentation*
Seizures / diagnosis,  etiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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