Document Detail

Gamma knife radiosurgery for patients with prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21300006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for patients with prolactin (PRL)-secreting pituitary adenomas that were refractory to medical management.
METHODS: Retrospective review of 22 patients treated with SRS from 1994 until 2006. All patients were either intolerant or their tumors were unresponsive to dopamine agonist therapy. Nine patients (41%) had undergone prior transsphenoidal surgery. The median serum PRL concentration before SRS was 88.4 ng/mL (range, 25-943). The median treatment volume was 2.2 cm(3) (range, 0.4-29.0); the median margin radiation dose was 25 Gy (range, 16-30). The median endocrinologic follow-up was 60 months (range, 16-129).
RESULTS: Tumor control after SRS was 100%. Serum PRL concentration was significantly lower (median, 28.4 ng/mL) (P = 0.006) at last follow-up, but the 4-year actuarial rate of biochemical remission off medications was only 17%. No tested variable was associated with biochemical remission off medications. Overall, four patients (18%) had biochemical remission off medications and clinical improvement, three patients (14%) had normal serum PRL concentrations and clinical improvement on dopamine agonist therapy, seven patients (32%) had improved symptoms off medications but continued to have elevated serum PRL levels, and eight patients (36%) continued to be symptomatic with elevated PRL levels either on (n = 3) or off (n = 5) dopamine agonist therapy. The incidence of new anterior pituitary deficits was 42% at 4 years.
CONCLUSIONS: SRS was effective in controlling tumor growth for patients with PRL-secreting pituitary adenomas, and the majority of patients were clinically improved.
Shota Tanaka; Michael J Link; Paul D Brown; Scott L Stafford; William F Young; Bruce E Pollock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World neurosurgery     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1878-8750     ISO Abbreviation:  World Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528275     Medline TA:  World Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
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