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Galectin-3 endocytosis by carbohydrate independent and dependent pathways in different macrophage like cell types.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22450157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 (the Mac-2 antigen) is abundantly expressed in both macrophage like cells and certain non-macrophage cells. We have studied endocytosis of galectin-3 as one important step relevant for its function, and compared it between variants of a macrophage like cell line, and non-macrophage cells. METHODS: Endocytosis of galectin-3 was observed by fluorescence microscopy and measured by flow cytometry. The endocytosis mechanism was analysed using galectin-3 mutants, galectin-3 inhibitors and endocytic pathways inhibitors in the human leukaemia THP-1 cell line differentiated into naïve (M0), classical (M1) or alternatively activated (M2) macrophage like cells, and the non-macrophage cell lines HFL-1 fibroblasts and SKBR3 breast carcinoma. RESULTS: Galectin-3 endocytosis in non-macrophage cells and M2 cells was blocked by lactose and a potent galectin-3 inhibitor TD139, and also by the R186S mutation in the galectin-3 carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD). In M1 cells galectin-3 endocytosis could be inhibited only by chlorpromazine and by interference with the non-CRD N-terminal part of galectin-3. In all the cell types galectin-3 entered early endosomes within 5-10min, to be subsequently targeted mainly to non-degradative vesicles, where it remained even after 24h. CONCLUSIONS: Galectin-3 endocytosis in M1 cells is receptor mediated and carbohydrate independent, while in M2 cells it is CRD mediated, although the non-CRD galectin-3 domain is also involved. General significance The demonstration that galectin-3 endocytosis in M1 macrophages is carbohydrate independent and different from M2 macrophages and non-macrophage cells, suggests novel, immunologically significant interactions between phagocytic cells, galectin-3 and its ligands.
Adriana Lepur; Michael Carlsson; Ruđer Novak; Jerka Dumić; Ulf Nilsson; Hakon Leffler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Section MIG (Microbiology, Immunology, Glycobiology), Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, 223 62 Lund, Sweden.
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