Document Detail

Galectin-1 Controls Cardiac Inflammation and Ventricular Remodeling during Acute Myocardial Infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23142379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Galectin-1 (Gal-1), an evolutionarily conserved β-galactoside-binding lectin, plays essential roles in the control of inflammation and neovascularization. Although identified as a major component of the contractile apparatus of cardiomyocytes, the potential role of Gal-1 in modulating heart pathophysiology is uncertain. Here, we aimed to characterize Gal-1 expression and function in the infarcted heart. Expression of Gal-1 was substantially increased in the mouse heart 7 days after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in hearts from patients with end-stage chronic heart failure. This lectin was localized mainly in cardiomyocytes and inflammatory infiltrates in peri-infarct areas, but not in remote areas. Both simulated hypoxia and proinflammatory cytokines selectively up-regulated Gal-1 expression in mouse cardiomyocytes, whereas anti-inflammatory cytokines inhibited expression of this lectin or had no considerable effect. Compared with their wild-type counterpart, Gal-1-deficient (Lgals1(-/-)) mice showed enhanced cardiac inflammation, characterized by increased numbers of macrophages, natural killer cells, and total T cells, but reduced frequency of regulatory T cells, leading to impaired cardiac function at baseline and impaired ventricular remodeling 7 days after nonreperfused AMI. Treatment of mice with recombinant Gal-1 attenuated cardiac damage in reperfused AMI. Taken together, our results indicate a protective role for Gal-1 in normal cardiac homeostasis and postinfarction remodeling by preventing cardiac inflammation. Thus, Gal-1 treatment represents a potential novel strategy to attenuate heart failure in AMI.
Ignacio M Seropian; Juan P Cerliani; Stefano Toldo; Benjamín W Van Tassell; Juan M Ilarregui; Germán E Gonzalez; Mirian Matoso; Fadi N Salloum; Ryan Melchior; Ricardo J Gelpi; Juan C Stupirski; Alejandro Benatar; Karina A Gómez; Celina Morales; Antonio Abbate; Gabriel A Rabinovich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-2191     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370502     Medline TA:  Am J Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
VCU Pauley Heart Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia; School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
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