Document Detail


GSPE enhance eNOS expression through AMPK/SIRT1-KLF2 pathway and modulate blood pressure in ouabain induced hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22987017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts (GSPE) belonging to polyphenols, possess various biological effects including anti-inflammation, anti-oxidant, anti-aging, anti-atherosclerosis and et al. GSPE is potential in regulating endothelial function. However, the underlying mechanism is not clear yet. In this study, by siRNA knocking down, we proved that GSPE increase endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in human umbilical vessel cells (HUVECs) in vitro, which was attributed to its transcription factor Krüpple like factor 2 (KLF2) induction. Furthermore, GSPE activate 5'-AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) and increase surtuin 1 (SIRT1) protein level, critical for KLF2 induction. We also illuminated the role of GSPE in hypertension treatment. By chronic administration of GSPE in ouabain induced hypertensive rats model, we access the effect of GSPE on blood pressure regulation and the possible mechanisms involved. After 5 weeks feeding, GSPE significantly block the ouabain induced blood pressure increase. The aortic NO production impaired by ouabain was improved. In conclusion, GSPE increase eNOS expression and NO production in an AMPK/SIRT1 dependent manner through KLF2 induction, and attenuate ouabain induced hypertension.
Authors:
Xiaopei Cui; Xiangju Liu; Hua Feng; Shaohua Zhao; Haiqing Gao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-5215     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Pharm. Bull.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9311984     Medline TA:  Biol Pharm Bull     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Geriatrics, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University.
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