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G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 polymorphisms predict blood pressure response to dietary modification in Black patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21544086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Dopamine via G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 (GRK-4) regulates sodium (Na) balance in the proximal tubule of the kidney. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of GRK-4 have been linked to impaired natriuresis and salt-sensitive hypertension. The purpose of this report was to determine the effect of GRK-4 gene polymorphisms on the blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary intervention. Black subjects aged 50-75 years with mild-to-moderate hypertension were randomised to an 8-week dietary intervention (n=40) or standard diet (n=40). BP was measured at baseline and at 8 weeks using 24-h ambulatory BP. All subjects underwent DNA analysis for the R65L and A142V polymorphisms. Data were analysed using generalised linear models. For the whole group, between-diet differences in mean 24-h ambulatory systolic BP was -4.53 mm Hg (95% confidence interval -9.05 to -0.01, P=0.05). In the intervention arm, the combined CC and CT group of the A142V showed a significant reduction in both systolic and diastolic ambulatory BP (-10 mm Hg, P=0.023 and -6.5 mm Hg, P=0.01, respectively), whereas the TT group demonstrated no reduction. Similarly, the combined GG and GT groups of the R65L showed a significant reduction in ambulatory BP (-10.6 mm Hg for systolic, P=0.004 and 5.8 mm Hg for diastolic, P=0.006). There was no response in the TT group. GRK-4 polymorphisms predict BP response to dietary modification in Black subjects with mild-to-moderate hypertension. These data may provide at least one among a range of clinical tools to target selected hypertensives to dietary intervention.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 5 May 2011; doi:10.1038/jhh.2011.33.
B Rayner; R Ramesar; K Steyn; N Levitt; C Lombard; K Charlton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5527     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811625     Medline TA:  J Hum Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, E13 Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa.
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