Document Detail


Further psychometric evaluation and revision of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory in a national sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14707878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the internal consistency of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI), further refine the instrument, and provide reference data based on a large, geographically diverse sample of persons with acquired brain injury (ABI). SUBJECTS: 386 persons, most with moderate to severe ABI. SETTINGS: Outpatient, community-based, and residential rehabilitation facilities for persons with ABI located in the United States: West, Midwest, and Southeast. METHODS: Rasch, item cluster, principal components, and traditional psychometric analyses for internal consistency of MPAI data and subscales. RESULTS: With rescoring of rating scales for 4 items, a 29-item version of the MPAI showed satisfactory internal consistency by Rasch (Person Reliability=.88; Item Reliability=.99) and traditional psychometric indicators (Cronbach's alpha=.89). Three rationally derived subscales for Ability, Activity, and Participation demonstrated psychometric properties that were equivalent to subscales derived empirically through item cluster and factor analyses. For the 3 subscales, Person Reliability ranged from.78 to.79; Item Reliability, from.98 to.99; and Cronbach's alpha, from.76 to.83. Subscales correlated moderately (Pearson r =.49-.65) with each other and strongly with the overall scale (Pearson r=.82-.86). CONCLUSIONS: Outcome after ABI is represented by the unitary dimension described by the MPAI. MPAI subscales further define regions of this dimension that may be useful for evaluation of clinical cases and program evaluation.
Authors:
James F Malec; Miriam Kragness; Randall W Evans; Karen L Finlay; Ann Kent; Muriel D Lezak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0885-9701     ISO Abbreviation:  J Head Trauma Rehabil     Publication Date:    2003 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-06     Completed Date:  2004-03-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8702552     Medline TA:  J Head Trauma Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  479-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. malec.james@mayo.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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