Document Detail

Furan in heat-treated foods: Formation, exposure, toxicity, and aspects of risk assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22641279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Furan is formed in a variety of heat-treated foods through thermal degradation of natural food constituents. Relatively high levels of furan contamination are found in ground roasted coffee, instant coffee, and processed baby foods. European exposure estimates suggest that mean dietary exposure to furan may be as high as 1.23 and 1.01 μg/kg bw/day for adults and 3- to 12-month-old infants, respectively. Furan is a potent hepatotoxin and hepatocarcinogen in rodents, causing hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas in rats and mice, and high incidences of cholangiocarcinomas in rats at doses ≥2 mg/kg bw. There is therefore a relatively low margin of exposure between estimated human exposure and doses that cause a high tumor incidence in rodents. Since a genotoxic mode of action cannot be excluded for furan-induced tumor formation, the present exposures may indicate a risk to human health and need for mitigation. This review summarizes the current knowledge on mechanisms of furan formation in food, human dietary exposure to furan, and furan toxicity, and highlights the need to establish the risk resulting from the genotoxic and carcinogenic properties of furan at doses lower than 2 mg/kg bw.
Sabrina Moro; James Kevin Chipman; Jan-Willem Wegener; Carolin Hamberger; Wolfgang Dekant; Angela Mally
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular nutrition & food research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1613-4133     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231818     Medline TA:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Department of Toxicology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
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