Document Detail


Fungal infection in patients after liver transplantation in years 2003 to 2012.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23274325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Fungal infections after liver transplantation have received considerable interests because of their association with substantial morbidity and mortality. This study investigated risk factors of fungal infection after liver transplantation.
MATERIAL/METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed based on clinical data from 120 patients with fungal infection after liver transplantation from January 1, 2003 to May 30, 2012. χ2 test was used to analyze risk factors for fungal infections.
RESULTS: The fungal infection rate after liver transplantation is 13.5% (120/886) and the case fatality rate reaches 70.8%; most are infected by Candida albicans (67.5%), with infection located in the lung (73.3%). Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scores of the infected group are higher than those of the control group 24 hours after the surgery (27.1±5.2 vs. 21.9±5.0). The percentage of primary liver cancer patients in the infected group was lower than in the control group (26.7% vs. 45.8%). Compared to the control group, the infected group had a higher percentage of patients with HBV, gestational diabetes mellitus, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Percentages of patients with long continuous parenteral nutrition time, poorly controlled high blood sugar, long-term mechanical ventilation, and antibiotics use were higher in the infected group than in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative original attack, postoperative critical condition, chronically high blood sugar, long-term use of antibiotics, and mechanical ventilation are probably vital risk factors for fungal infection after liver transplantation.
Authors:
Chun-Hua Yang; Xiao-Shun He; Juan Chen; Bin Ouyang; Xiao-Feng Zhu; Min-Ying Chen; Wen-Feng Xie; Li Chen; Dong-Hua Zheng; Yun Zhong; Xue-Xia Chen; Xiang-Dong Guan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of transplantation : quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society     Volume:  17     ISSN:  2329-0358     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Transplant.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  2013-05-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9802544     Medline TA:  Ann Transplant     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  59-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen, Guangzhou, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aspergillosis / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Candidiasis / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Case-Control Studies
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Fungemia / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology
Humans
Liver Transplantation*
Lung Diseases, Fungal / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Surgical Wound Infection / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology
Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology

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