Document Detail


Functional magnetic stimulation of the colon in persons with spinal cord injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11239306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) as a noninvasive method to stimulate the colon in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A prospective before-after trial consisting of 2 protocols. SETTING: FMS laboratories of 2 SCI centers. PARTICIPANTS: Two able-bodied men and 13 men with SCI levels ranging from C3 to L1. Protocol 1 consisted of 9 subjects, 2 of whom were excluded from the analysis. Protocol 2 consisted of 4 subjects. INTERVENTION: Commercially available magnetic stimulators with round magnetic coils (MCs) were used. Protocol 1 measured the effects of FMS on rectal pressure by placing the MC on the transabdominal and lumbosacral regions. Protocol 2 consisted of a 5-week stimulation period to investigate the effects of FMS on total and segmental colonic transit times (CTTs). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: An increase in rectal pressure and a decrease in CTT by magnetic stimulation. RESULTS: Data were averaged and the standard error of the mean was calculated. Statistically significant changes in rectal pressure and CTT were also measured. Rectal pressures increased from 26.7 +/- 7.44cmH(2)O to 48.0 +/- 9.91cmH(2)O, p =.0037, with lumbosacral stimulation, and from 30.0 +/- 6.35cmH(2)O to 42.7 +/- 7.95cmH(2)O, p =.0015, with transabdominal stimulation. With FMS, the mean CTT decreased from 105.2 to 89.4 hours, p =.02. CONCLUSION: FMS is able to stimulate the colon and reduce CTT. FMS is a noninvasive, technological advancement for managing neurogenic bowel in patients with SCI.
Authors:
V W Lin; M Nino-Murcia; F Frost; V Wolfe; I Hsiao; I Perkash
Related Documents :
2331956 - Prolonged anorectal manometry and external anal sphincter electromyography in ambulant ...
9306286 - Spatial patterns of fasting and fed antropyloric pressure waves in humans.
7359966 - Upper esophageal sphincter: pre and post-laryngectomy--a normative study.
8436016 - Effect of head position on the dynamics of the upper esophageal sphincter and pharynx.
16355086 - Examination of quantitative and fractal analysis of sway characteristics of the center ...
15133306 - Combined adrenal myelolipoma and medullary hyperplasia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0003-9993     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-12     Completed Date:  2001-04-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Functional Magnetic Stimulation Laboratory, Spinal Cord Injury/Disorder Health Care Group, VA Long Beach Health Care System, Long Beach, CA 9022, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Colon / innervation,  physiopathology*
Electric Stimulation
Gastrointestinal Transit
Humans
Magnetics*
Male
Prospective Studies
Spinal Cord Injuries / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Functional magnetic stimulation for conditioning of expiratory muscles in patients with spinal cord ...
Next Document:  The effect of aerobic training on rehabilitation outcomes after recent severe brain injury: a random...