Document Detail

Functional interaction between Smad3 and S100A4 (metastatin-1) for TGF-beta-mediated cancer cell invasiveness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20070253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) induces a cytostatic response in most normal cell types. In cancer cells, however, it often promotes metastasis, and its high expression is correlated with poor prognosis. In the present study, we show that S100A4, a metastasis-associated protein, also called metastatin-1, can physically and functionally interact with Smad3, an important mediator of TGF-beta signalling. In agreement with its known property, S100A4 binds to Smad3 in a Ca2+-dependent manner. The S100A4-binding site is located in the N-terminal region of Smad3. S100A4 can potentiate transcriptional activity of Smad3 and the related Smad2. When exogenously expressed in MCF10CA1a.cl1, an MCF10-derived breast cancer cell line, S100A4 increases TGF-beta-induced MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) expression. On the other hand, depletion of S100A4 by siRNA (small interfering RNA) from the MDA-MB231 cell line results in attenuation of MMP-9 induction by TGF-beta. Consistent with these observations, S100A4 increases cell invasion ability induced by TGF-beta in MCF10CA1a.cl1 cells, and depletion of the protein in MDA-MB-231 cells inhibits it. Because expression of both S100A4 and TGF-beta is highly elevated in many types of malignant tumours, S100A4 and Smad3 may co-operatively increase metastatic activity of some types of cancer cells.
Isao Matsuura; Chen-Yu Lai; Keng-Nan Chiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Biochemical journal     Volume:  426     ISSN:  1470-8728     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-23     Completed Date:  2010-05-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984726R     Medline TA:  Biochem J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Molecular and Genomic Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli County 35053, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Binding Sites
Blotting, Western
Calcium / metabolism
Cell Line
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Movement / drug effects*
Gene Expression / drug effects
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / genetics,  metabolism
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Neoplasms / genetics,  metabolism,  pathology
Protein Binding
RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
S100 Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Smad3 Protein / genetics,  metabolism*
Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
Two-Hybrid System Techniques
Reg. No./Substance:
0/RNA, Small Interfering; 0/S100 Proteins; 0/Smad3 Protein; 0/Transforming Growth Factor beta; 142662-27-9/S100A4 protein, human; 7440-70-2/Calcium; EC Metalloproteinase 9

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