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Functional health status late after surgical correction of aortic coarctation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22117860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives.  To investigate functional health status among adults previously operated for aortic coarctation (CoA) compared with healthy subjects; to assess the influence of medication and exercise capacity on patients' functional health. Design.  Questionnaire-based investigation among 119 patients who underwent surgical repair of CoA during 1965-1985 and 36 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects using the SF-36 health survey. Original scores were transformed into norm-based scores, and summary scale scores were calculated. Exercise capacity was measured by symptom-limited bicycle ergometer testing. Setting.  Tertiary referral center. Patients.  Among 156 current survivors, 119 (74 males) participated in the study. Median age (range) at repair was 11 (0.1-40) years and 44 (26-72) years at follow-up. Outcome Measures.  Comparison of all components of SF-36 survey between patients and controls, as well as within patients regarding use of cardiovascular medication and exercise capacity. Results.  Norm-based physical functioning scores were significantly lower among patients compared with controls (51.8 ± 7.1 vs. 54.3 ± 4.7, P < 0.05). Patients using antihypertensive medication scored significantly lower in all physical categories (physical component summary= 48.9 ± 10.4 vs. 54.9 ± 4.9, P < 0.05) as well as in vitality (46.4 ± 10.5 vs. 51.4 ± 10.4, P < 0.05). Patients with reduced exercise capacity scored significantly lower in several mental and physical categories compared with patients with normal exercise capacity (physical component summary= 49.7 ± 10.7 vs. 54.0 ± 6.2, P < 0.05; mental component summary= 44.9 ± 14.6 vs. 50.1 ± 10.0, P < 0.05). Conclusion.  Functional health status in patients late after CoA repair is only slightly impaired when compared with controls. However, the subgroup with reduced exercise capacity and need for cardiovascular medications have significant impairment on both physical and mental aspects of functional health.
Authors:
Thais Almeida Lins Pedersen; Diana Mathilde Røpcke; Vibeke Elisabeth Hjortdal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Congenital heart disease     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1747-0803     ISO Abbreviation:  Congenit Heart Dis     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256510     Medline TA:  Congenit Heart Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  566-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Copyright the Authors. Congenital Heart Disease © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark.
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