Document Detail


Functional electrical stimulation training on functional capacity and blood pressure variability in a centenarian woman: case study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21877060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a rehabilitation method that can revert alterations provoked by aging, such as reductions in functional capacity and modifications on blood pressure variability (BPV).
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the training effects of FES on functional capacity and BPV in a centenarian woman.
METHODS: A 101-year-old woman without previous disease underwent FES training for 12 weeks, with three 40 min sessions/week. FES was applied at a frequency of 20 Hz with a 0.5 ms pulse, 5 s contraction time, 10 s relaxation time, the maximum tolerable intensity and with progressive overload. Functional capacity was assessed with a six-minute walk test (6MWT) and proximal lower limb strength was assessed with a sit-and-stand test (STST). BPV was measured by continuous recording of pulse pressure and calculated by spectral analysis. All variables were measured before and after FES training.
RESULTS: After training there was a 70% increase in distance walked in the 6MWT, a 300% increase in the number of STST repetitions, an 8 mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and a 4 mmHg reduction in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean blood pressure (MBP). Reductions in SBP (11.8 mmHg²), DBP (2.3 mmHg²) and MBP (6.0 mmHg²) variability were also observed.
CONCLUSIONS: Three months of FES training improved functional capacity and BPV in a centenarian woman.
Authors:
Bruna Eibel; Graciele Sbruzzi; Thiago Dipp; Karina R Casali; Rodrigo D M Plentz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2011-08-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de fisioterapia (São Carlos (São Paulo, Brazil))     Volume:  15     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Publication Date:    2011 Aug-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-05     Completed Date:  2012-02-13     Revised Date:  2013-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101186153     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  338-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Fundação Universidade de Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Electric Stimulation Therapy*
Female
Geriatric Assessment*
Humans
Walking / physiology*

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