Document Detail

Functional electrical stimulation: restoration of respiratory function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23098719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Tetraplegia can lead to chronic respiratory failure. The need for tracheostomy mechanical ventilation significantly increases the cost of care, decreases the quality of life of the patient, and decreases life expectancy in spinal cord injury (SCI) because of pneumonias. Phrenic nerve stimulation was initially developed in the 1960s and diaphragm pacing was developed in the 1990s; both have the ability to remove a patient from positive pressure ventilation and allow them to breathe with their own diaphragm, decreasing posterior lung lobe atelectasis and pneumonia risk. This chapter summarizes the current surgical techniques, ventilator weaning options, and long-term results of functional electrical stimulation in restoring respiratory function.
Raymond P Onders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of clinical neurology / edited by P.J. Vinken and G.W. Bruyn     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0072-9752     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Clin Neurol     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0166161     Medline TA:  Handb Clin Neurol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:
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