Document Detail

Functional diversification of lepidopteran opsins following gene duplication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11719576     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A comparative approach was taken for identifying amino acid substitutions that may be under positive Darwinian selection and are correlated with spectral shifts among orthologous and paralogous lepidopteran long wavelength-sensitive (LW) opsins. Four novel LW opsin fragments were isolated, cloned, and sequenced from eye-specific cDNAs from two butterflies, Vanessa cardui (Nymphalidae) and Precis coenia (Nymphalidae), and two moths, Spodoptera exigua (Noctuidae) and Galleria mellonella (Pyralidae). These opsins were sampled because they encode visual pigments having a naturally occurring range of lambda(max) values (510-530 nm), which in combination with previously characterized lepidopteran opsins, provide a complete range of known spectral sensitivities (510-575 nm) among lepidopteran LW opsins. Two recent opsin gene duplication events were found within the papilionid but not within the nymphalid butterfly families through neighbor-joining, maximum parsimony, and maximum likelihood phylogenetic analyses of 13 lepidopteran opsin sequences. An elevated rate of evolution was detected in the red-shifted Papilio Rh3 branch following gene duplication, because of an increase in the amino acid substitution rate in the transmembrane domain of the protein, a region that forms the chromophore-binding pocket of the visual pigment. A maximum likelihood approach was used to estimate omega, the ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous substitutions per site. Branch-specific tests of selection (free-ratio) identified one branch with omega = 2.1044, but the small number of substitutions involved was not significantly different from the expected number of changes under the neutral expectation of omega = 1. Ancestral sequences were reconstructed with a high degree of certainty from these data. Reconstructed ancestral sequences revealed several instances of convergence to the same amino acid between butterfly and vertebrate cone pigments, and between independent branches of the butterfly opsin tree that are correlated with spectral shifts.
A D Briscoe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology and evolution     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0737-4038     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Biol. Evol.     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-23     Completed Date:  2002-02-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501455     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Evol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2270-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence
Amino Acid Substitution
Evolution, Molecular
Gene Duplication*
Genes, Insect
Lepidoptera / chemistry*,  genetics
Likelihood Functions
Molecular Sequence Data
Protein Structure, Secondary
Rod Opsins / chemistry*,  classification,  genetics*
Selection, Genetic
Sequence Alignment
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Rod Opsins

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