Document Detail

Functional consequences of abnormal Cx43 expression in the heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21839722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The major gap junction protein expressed in the heart, connexin43 (Cx43), is highly remodeled in the diseased heart. Usually, Cx43 is down-regulated and heterogeneously redistributed to the lateral sides of cardiomyocytes. Reverse remodeling of the impaired Cx43 expression could restore normal cardiac function and normalize electrical stability. In this review, the reduced and heterogeneous Cx43 expression in the heart will be addressed in hypertrophic, dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy together with its functional consequences of conduction velocity slowing, dispersed impulse conduction, its interaction with fibrosis and propensity to generate arrhythmias. Finally, different therapies are discussed. Treatments aimed to improve the Cx43 expression levels show new potentially anti-arrhythmic therapies during heart failure, but those in the context of acute ischemia can be anti-arrhythmogenic at the cost of larger infarct sizes. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: The Communicating junctions, composition, structure and functions.
Magda S C Fontes; Toon A B van Veen; Jacques M T de Bakker; Harold V M van Rijen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Medical Physiology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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