Document Detail


Functional and compositional changes in pulmonary surfactant in response to exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10659224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pulmonary surfactant from bronchoalveolar lavages was obtained from 2 groups of horses. A control group consisting of 6 healthy racehorses that were paddock-rested and lavaged weekly for 6 consecutive weeks were compared with an experimental group of 10 healthy racehorses, lavaged weekly the same period, consisting of a 5 week incremental-intensity treadmill training programme and one week post training paddock rest. Phospholipid content of lavage fluid was determined indirectly by phosphorus assay, and surfactant functional activity was determined by bubble surfactometry. Total cell counts and differential cell percentages of lavage fluid were adjusted to reflect the dilution of alveolar epithelial lining fluid (ELF) using the lavage/serum urea ratio, and data were analysed per volume of ELF. There was no change in phospholipid content for either group, but some horses had consistently greater amounts than did others, ranging from 17.2-64.4 micrograms/microliter. From the exercised group ELF had both increased nucleated cell numbers due to increased macrophage numbers, and increased numbers of erythrocytes. Surface tension increased significantly over the exercise protocol, but not in controls. Functional activity of surfactant varied between horses, independent of phospholipid content, with average values for individuals ranging 10.5-29.5 mN/m. We conclude that exercise of sufficient intensity to induce intrapulmonary haemorrhage also leads to functional decrease in surfactant activity, without affecting phospholipid content. This study also indicates that functional differences in surfactant exist between horses and may be a risk factor for development of exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage.
Authors:
K E Morrison; R F Slocombe; S A McKane; P A Dargaville
Related Documents :
15656514 - Energetic and kinematic consequences of weighting the distal limb.
7408834 - Plasma biochemistry in the horse during 3-day event competition.
24149524 - Physiological assessment of head-out aquatic exercises in healthy subjects: a qualitati...
12405734 - Structural and oxidative enzyme characteristics of the diaphragm.
2909994 - Effects of phosphodiesterase inhibition on skeletal muscle vasculature.
21266924 - Amylin and selective glucoregulatory peptide alterations during prolonged exercise.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal. Supplement     Volume:  -     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-02     Completed Date:  2000-03-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614088     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  62-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne, Veterinary Clinical Centre, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bronchoalveolar Lavage / veterinary
Epithelial Cells
Erythrocyte Count / veterinary
Horses / physiology*
Leukocyte Count / veterinary
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Protein Conformation
Pulmonary Surfactants / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pulmonary Surfactants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The effects of training on ventilation and blood gases in exercising thoroughbreds.
Next Document:  A preliminary study of the effect of inhaled nitric oxide on lung mechanics in the standing horse wi...