Document Detail


Functional autonomy, bone mineral density (BMD) and serum osteocalcin levels in older female participants of an aquatic exercise program (AAG).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23375799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an AAG on BMD, osteocalcin and functional autonomy in older women. The sample consisted of eighty-two post-menopausal women with low BMD, randomly divided into two groups: the Aquatic Aerobics Group [AAG; n=42; age: 66.8±4.2years], submitted to two weekly sessions over eight months, and the Control Group (GC; n=42; age: 66.9±3.2years), which did not participate in regular exercise. BMD was measured by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry [DXA] of the lumbar and femur, and serum osteocalcin was measured using electrochemiluminescence. A functional autonomy assessment protocol (GDLAM, 2004) was also applied. Statistical analyses used were repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests. The results showed a significant improvement in tests following the GDLAM protocol: 10 meters walk (10mw) -p=0.003; rising from a ventral decubitus position (RVDP) - Δ%=0.78, p<0.001; rising from a chair and moving around the house (RCMH) -p<0.001 and autonomy index (AI) -p=0.007, with more favorable results observed in the AAG when compared to the CG. The AAG achieved the best results for BMD; however, no inter or intragroup statistical differences were recorded for total femur -p=0.975 and lumbar L(2)-L(4)p=0.597. For serum osteocalcin, intra and intergroup statistical differences of p=0.042 and p=0.027 were observed in the AAG, respectively. This demonstrates that an eight-month aquatic aerobic exercise program can improve functional autonomy and osteocalcin levels, although training did not improve lumbar and total femur BMD in the older women.
Authors:
Carlos Soares Pernambuco; Claudio Joaquim Borba-Pinheiro; Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale; Fabrizio Di Masi; Paola Karynne Pinheiro Monteiro; Estelio H M Dantas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gerontology and geriatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6976     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214379     Medline TA:  Arch Gerontol Geriatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-graduação Stricto Sensu em Enfermagem e Biociências, PpgEnfBio, da Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Human Motricity Bioscience Laboratory, LABIMH, da Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Latin American of Development for Maturity Group 1, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: karlos.pernambuco@hotmail.com.
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