Document Detail

Functional analysis of the small component of the 4-hydroxyphenylacetate 3-monooxygenase of Escherichia coli W: a prototype of a new Flavin:NAD(P)H reductase subfamily.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10633095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Escherichia coli W uses the aromatic compound 4-hydroxyphenylacetate (4-HPA) as a sole source of carbon and energy for growth. The monooxygenase which converts 4-HPA into 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate, the first intermediate of the pathway, consists of two components, HpaB (58.7 kDa) and HpaC (18.6 kDa), encoded by the hpaB and hpaC genes, respectively, that form a single transcription unit. Overproduction of the small HpaC component in E. coli K-12 cells has facilitated the purification of the protein, which was revealed to be a homodimer that catalyzes the reduction of free flavins by NADH in preference to NADPH. Subsequently, the reduced flavins diffuse to the large HpaB component or to other electron acceptors such as cytochrome c and ferric ion. Amino acid sequence comparisons revealed that the HpaC reductase could be considered the prototype of a new subfamily of flavin:NAD(P)H reductases. The construction of a fusion protein between the large HpaB oxygenase component and the choline-binding domain of the major autolysin of Streptococcus pneumoniae allowed us to develop a rapid method to efficiently purify this highly unstable enzyme as a chimeric CH-HpaB protein, which exhibited a 4-HPA hydroxylating activity only when it was supplemented with the HpaC reductase. These results suggest the 4-HPA 3-monooxygenase of E. coli W as a representative member of a novel two-component flavin-diffusible monooxygenase (TC-FDM) family. Relevant features on the evolution and structure-function relationships of these TC-FDM proteins are discussed.
B Galán; E Díaz; M A Prieto; J L García
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bacteriology     Volume:  182     ISSN:  0021-9193     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Bacteriol.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-10     Completed Date:  2000-02-10     Revised Date:  2013-06-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985120R     Medline TA:  J Bacteriol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  627-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular Microbiology, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
GENBANK/AE001032;  AE001081;  AF002222;  AF021839;  AF031325;  AF144422;  D86544;  L37363;  L41068;  U83405;  Z99114
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence
Base Sequence
Escherichia coli / enzymology*
Evolution, Molecular
FMN Reductase
Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
Molecular Sequence Data
NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
Restriction Mapping
Sequence Alignment
Structure-Activity Relationship
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 1.-/Mixed Function Oxygenases; EC 3-monooxygenase; EC Reductase; EC 1.6.-/NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases

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