Document Detail

Functional analysis of self-injurious behavior and its relation to self-restraint.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16463534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Some individuals who engage in self-injurious behavior (SIB) also exhibit self-restraint. In the present study, a series of three functional analyses were conducted to determine the variables that maintained a participant's SIB, one without restraint items available, one with a preferred and effective form of self-restraint (an airplane pillow) available noncontingently, and one with this item delivered contingent on SIB. Results suggested that SIB was reinforced by escape and by access to self-restraint materials, self-restraint appeared to be maintained by automatic reinforcement, and continuous access to highly preferred restraint materials effectively suppressed SIB.
Griffin W Rooker; Eileen M Roscoe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-08     Completed Date:  2006-05-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
The New England Center for Children and Northeastern University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Escape Reaction
Extinction, Psychological
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Self Efficacy*
Self-Injurious Behavior / prevention & control*,  psychology*
Social Control, Informal*

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