Document Detail


Functional evaluation of GJB2 variants in nonsyndromic hearing loss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21298213     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mutations in the gap junction β2 (GJB2) gene, encoding the connexin26 (CX26) protein, are the most common cause of non-syndromic hearing loss (HL) in many populations. In the East Asian population, two variants, p.V27I (c.79G>A) and p.E114G (c.341G>A), are considered benign polymorphisms since these variants have been identified in both HL patients and normal hearing controls. However, some studies have postulated that homozygotes carrying both p.V27I and p.E114G variants could cause HL. To elucidate possible roles of these variants, we used in vitro approaches to directly assess the pathogenicity of four haplotypes generated by the two polymorphisms: VE (wild type), I*E (p.V27I variant only), VG* (p.E114G variant only), I*G* (both variants). In biochemical coupling assays, the gap junctions (GJs) composed of VG* and I*G* types displayed defective channel activities compared with those of VE wild types or I*E types, which showed normal channel activities. Interestingly, the defect in hemichannel activity was a bit less severe in I*G* type than VG* type, suggesting that I* variant (p.V27I) may compensate for the deleterious effect of G* variant (p.E114G) in hemichannel activities. Our population studies using 412 Korean individuals showed that I*G* type was detected at around 20% in both HL patients and normal controls, suggesting that I*G* type may not be a pathogenic polymorphism. In contrast, VG* type was very rare (3/824) and detected only in HL patients, suggesting that VG* homozygotes (VG*/VG*) or compound heterozygotes carrying VG* type with other mutations may cause HL.
Authors:
Soo-Young Choi; Kyu Yup Lee; Hyun-Jin Kim; Hyo-Kyeong Kim; Qing Chang; Hong-Joon Park; Chang-Jin Jeon; Xi Lin; Jinwoong Bok; Un-Kyung Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1528-3658     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Med.     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-02     Completed Date:  2011-10-27     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501023     Medline TA:  Mol Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alleles
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Cell Line
Connexins / genetics*
Gap Junctions / genetics,  metabolism
Genotype
Haplotypes / genetics
Hearing Loss / genetics*
Humans
Linkage Disequilibrium / genetics
Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Connexins; 127120-53-0/connexin 26
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