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Functional Defecation Disorders in Children: Comparing the Rome II with the Rome III Criteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22578584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of pediatric functional defecation disorders (FDD) using the Rome III criteria and to compare these data with those obtained using Rome II criteria. STUDY DESIGN: A chart review was performed in patients referred to a tertiary outpatient clinic with symptoms of constipation and/or fecal incontinence. All patients received a standardized bowel questionnaire and physical examination, including rectal examination. The prevalence of pediatric FDD according to both Rome criteria sets was assessed. RESULTS: Patients with FDD (n = 336; 61% boys, mean age 6.3 ± 3.5 SD) were studied: 39% had a defecation frequency ≤2/wk, 75% had fecal incontinence, 75% displayed retentive posturing, 60% had pain during defecation, 49% passed large diameter stools, and 49% had a palpable rectal fecal mass. According to the Rome III criteria, 87% had functional constipation (FC) compared with only 34% fulfilling criteria for either FC or functional fecal retention based on the Rome II definitions (P < .001). Of the patients with a rectal fecal mass, 95% would also have been correctly identified as having FC without a rectal examination. Twenty-nine patients (11%) fulfilled the criteria for functional nonretentive fecal incontinence according to both the Rome II and Rome III criteria. CONCLUSION: The pediatric Rome III criteria for FC are less restrictive than the Rome II criteria. The Rome III criteria are an important step forward in the definition and recognition of FDD in children.
Rosa Burgers; Alon D Levin; Carlo Di Lorenzo; Marcel G W Dijkgraaf; Marc A Benninga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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