Document Detail

Fumonisin exposure through maize in complementary foods is inversely associated with linear growth of infants in Tanzania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20521269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Infants consuming maize-based foods are at a high risk of exposure to fumonisins. This study explored the association between exposure of fumonisins from maize and growth retardation among infants in Tanzania. Mothers of 215 infants consented for their children to participate in this study. We estimated maize intake for each child by twice conducting a 24 h dietary recall and fumonisins level in the maize, using HPLC. Fumonisins exposure for each child was estimated by combining his/her maize intake and the fumonisins level in the maize. Of the infants, 191 consumed maize. The maize consumed by 131 infants contained fumonisins at levels varying from 21 to 3201 μg/kg. Fumonisins exposure in 26 infants exceeded the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake of 2 μg/kg body weight. At 12 months of age, infants exposed to fumonisins intakes above the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake of 2 μg/kg bodyweight were significantly shorter by 1.3 cm and 328 g lighter. It appears that the exposure to fumonisins is associated with growth retardation. This is the first study to report an association between fumonisins exposures and growth retardation.
Martin E Kimanya; Bruno De Meulenaer; Dominique Roberfroid; Carl Lachat; Patrick Kolsteren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular nutrition & food research     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1613-4133     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231818     Medline TA:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1659-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
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