Document Detail

Fruit and vegetable intake and knowledge increased following a community-based intervention in older adults in Georgia senior centers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18928195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Our purpose was to evaluate a community-based fruit and vegetable intervention conducted in rural and urban areas of Georgia. Participants were a convenience sample from Georgia senior centers that completed a pre-test, the intervention, and a post-test (N = 558, mean age = 75, 83% female, 47% white, 53% black). The 4-month intervention had eight sessions focused on practical ways to increase intake of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks and included physical activity. Pre- and post-tests examined self-reported intakes of fruits and vegetables at breakfast, lunch, the evening meal, and snacks, knowledge of recommended intakes, and barriers to intake. Following the intervention, the number of participants reporting consumption of at least 7 servings of fruits and vegetables daily increased by 21-percentage points (P < or = 0.001), knowledge that 7 to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables are recommended daily (for 1,600 to 2,200 calories) increased from 7% to 57% (P < or = 0.001), and three barriers to fruit and vegetable intake decreased (P < or = 0.05): "difficulties with digestion," "too many are recommended," and "too much trouble." Regression analyses indicated that increased intake following the intervention was independently associated with living in more urban rather than rural areas, improved knowledge of intake recommendations, decrease in perception of cost as a barrier, and increase in digestive problems as a barrier (P < or = 0.05). These results provide an evidence base for the effectiveness of this community intervention for improving knowledge and intake and decreasing barriers to fruit and vegetable intake in older adults.
Sara J Hendrix; Joan G Fischer; R D Sudha Reddy; Tiffany Sellers Lommel; Elizabeth M Speer; Heather Stephens; Sohyun Park; Mary Ann Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition for the elderly     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0163-9366     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Elder     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-20     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208739     Medline TA:  J Nutr Elder     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Diet Surveys
Eating / physiology,  psychology*
Food Habits / physiology,  psychology
Geriatric Assessment / methods,  statistics & numerical data*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Nutrition Surveys
Patient Education as Topic / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
Rural Population
Urban Population

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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