Document Detail

Fruit and vegetable consumption among older adults by tooth loss and socio-economic status.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20604755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine consumption of fruit and vegetables in relation to tooth loss and income. METHODS: Data were collected in 2004-06, using a three-stage, stratified clustered sample, involving a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), oral examination and mailed questionnaire followed by a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 14 123 adults responded to the CATI (49% response) of whom 5505 (44% of those interviewed) agreed to undergo an oral epidemiological examination. In the nutrition sub-study, a total of n = 1218 persons were approached in New South Wales and Queensland, with n = 1129 responding (92.7% response rate). Among respondents aged 55 years or more 34.5% had <21 teeth. Adjusting for income the prevalence of infrequent consumption ('never or less than once a month') was associated with [PR = prevalence ratio (95% CI)] fewer teeth for the fruits, 'peach, nectarine, plum, apricot' PR = 1.91 (1.12, 3.25) and 'grapes or berries' PR = 1.69 (1.03, 2.76), and for the vegetables 'stir-fried or mixed' PR = 2.34 (1.14, 4.78), 'sweetcorn' PR = 1.45 (1.001, 2.10), 'mushrooms' PR = 1.62 (1.05, 2.50), 'lettuce' PR = 3.99 (1.31, 12.17) and 'soy beans' PR = 1.11 (1.01, 1.21). CONCLUSIONS: An inadequate dentition was associated with lower consumption of a range of fruits and vegetables indicating that dentition-related impairment of chewing ability could have adverse consequences on nutritional intake among Australian adults.
D S Brennan; K A Singh; P Liu; Aj Spencer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian dental journal     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1834-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust Dent J     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-07     Completed Date:  2010-10-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370612     Medline TA:  Aust Dent J     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Food Habits*
Middle Aged
New South Wales / epidemiology
Queensland / epidemiology
Social Class*
Solanum tuberosum
Tooth Loss / classification,  epidemiology*
Zea mays

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