Document Detail


From sick role to practices of health and illness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23278821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Context  Health care research generally, and medical education research specifically, make increasingly sophisticated use of social science methods, but these methods are often detached from the theories that are the substantive core of the social sciences. Enhanced understanding of theory is especially valuable for gaining a broader perspective on how issues in medical education reflect the social processes that contextualise them. Methods  This article reviews five social science theories, emphasising their relevance to medical education, beginning with the emergence of the sociology of health and illness in the 1950s, with Talcott Parsons' concept of the 'sick role'. Four turning points since Parsons are then discussed with reference to the theory developed by, respectively, Harold Garfinkel, Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu, and what is called the 'narrative or dialogical turn'. In considering these, the author argues for a theory-grounded research that relates specific problems to what Max Weber called the 'fate of our times'. Conclusions  The conclusion considers how medical education research can critique the reproduction of a discourse of scarcity in health care, rather than participating in this discourse and legitimating the disciplinary techniques that it renders self-evident.
Authors:
Arthur W Frank
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical education     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1365-2923     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Educ     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605655     Medline TA:  Med Educ     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2013.
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
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