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From growing to secreting: New roles for mTOR in aging cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21720215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Deregulation of the nutrient sensitive mTOR signaling pathway has been recently involved in several age-related diseases, and pharmacological blockade of mTOR extends longevity in model organisms and in mice. Mechanistic studies in vitro have shed light on the role of mTOR-dependent growth signals in promoting senescence and exhaustion of quiescent stem cells, thus linking excess nutrients to tissue ageing. Novel findings add complexity to this theoretical framework, revealing that mTOR cooperates with autophagy to promote the "secretory phenotype" of senescent cells and the release of factors known to contribute to defective renewal and dysfunction of aging tissues. Thus, both cell autonomous and cell non-autonomous mechanisms link unchecked mTOR activity to cell senescence and by extension to the aging process.
Authors:
Giovambattista Pani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1551-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137841     Medline TA:  Cell Cycle     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Catholic University School of Medicine; Institute of General Pathology; Rome, Italy.
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