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From frown lines to fissures: therapeutic uses for botulinum toxin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17462275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Since the pharmacological mode of action of botulinum toxin (BTX) has been elucidated, its therapeutic potential has been increasingly recognised. The aims of this review were to summarize our current understanding of the pharmacological action of this agent and to review its therapeutic uses. METHODS: An electronic literature search with Medline (January 1965 to December 2004) was carried out to identify articles related to the pharmacological mode of action and clinical uses for botulinum toxin using the keyword "botulinum toxin". RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Botulinum toxin A is emerging as a valuable clinical tool, both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in a wide variety of disorders, and is already the treatment of choice for selected conditions. Better understanding of its modes of action may identify alternative targets for pharmacological intervention, and may allow development of longer acting drugs with lower immunogenicity. Therapeutic uses of BTX-A must be assessed systematically in prospective studies, and the clinical role of other subtypes requires evaluation.
R P Sutcliffe; N A Sandiford; H T Khawaja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-08-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of surgery (London, England)     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1743-9159     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-27     Completed Date:  2007-07-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101228232     Medline TA:  Int J Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Surgery, Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup, Kent, UK.
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