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From famine to food crisis: what history can teach us about local and global subsistence crises.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21485455     Owner:  HMD     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The number of famine prone regions in the world has been shrinking for centuries. It is currently mainly limited to sub-Saharan Africa. Yet the impact of endemic hunger has not declined and the early twenty-first century seems to be faced with a new threat: global subsistence crises. In this essay I question the concepts of famine and food crisis from different analytical angles: historical and contemporary famine research, food regime theory, and peasant studies. I will argue that only a more integrated historical framework of analysis can surpass dualistic interpretations grounded in Eurocentric modernization paradigms. This article successively debates historical and contemporary famine research, the contemporary food regime and the new global food crisis, the lessons from Europe's 'grand escape' from hunger, and the peasantry and 'depeasantization' as central analytical concepts. Dualistic histories of food and famine have been dominating developmentalist stories for too long. This essay shows how a blending of historical and contemporary famine research, food regime theory and new peasant studies can foster a more integrated perspective.
Authors:
Eric Vanhaute
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of peasant studies     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0306-6150     ISO Abbreviation:  J Peasant Stud     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101085258     Medline TA:  J Peasant Stud     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-65     Citation Subset:  Q    
Affiliation:
Ghent University, Belgium.
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