Document Detail


From ecological reservoir to disease: the nasopharynx, day-care centres and drug-resistant clones of Streptococcus pneumoniae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12556436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Several lines of epidemiological and microbiological studies point to the multiple and critical roles of the nasopharynx of children-particularly those of pre-school age and attending day-care centres (DCCs)-in the emergence and spread of drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (DRP). A systematic yearly surveillance of the nasopharyngeal flora of children attending DCCs has been carried out in Lisbon since 1996. Molecular typing of several hundred DRP isolates showed that the great majority of DRP were represented by a relatively few clonal types that were frequently carried by many children in geographically distant DCCs and over several years of surveillance. The same epidemic DRP clones were also frequent among pneumococci causing both paediatric and adult disease worldwide. Penicillin-resistant pneumococci carry sequences of heterologous origin in their pbp genes and also in the recently identified murM: a gene essential for expression of penicillin resistance and for the unique cell wall structure of penicillin-resistant pneumococci. Virtually all DRP express only a limited number (five or six) of the very large genetic repertoire (up to 90) of serotypes available for this bacterial species and the serotypes of drug-resistant strains happens to be the same as the serotypes of drug-susceptible pneumococci that most frequently colonize pre-school age children. These observations strongly suggest that the nasopharynx of children is an important global ecological reservoir of DRP and may also play a critical role as the favoured anatomical site for the evolution of DRP.
Authors:
H De Lencastre; A Tomasz
Related Documents :
19308106 - Public drug plan coverage for children across canada: a portrait of too many colours.
8006196 - Epidemiologic evaluation of drug use in children.
10523796 - The role of busulfan in bone marrow transplantation.
3900116 - Developmental changes in the mother-child interactions of hyperactive boys: effects of ...
7586916 - The role of serology in the diagnosis of helicobacter pylori infection in children.
9508966 - Project swaziland (part 4): occlusal status of 12 year old school children.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy     Volume:  50 Suppl S2     ISSN:  0305-7453     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Antimicrob. Chemother.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-30     Completed Date:  2003-07-15     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513617     Medline TA:  J Antimicrob Chemother     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Microbiology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Carrier State / drug therapy*,  microbiology*
Child Day Care Centers* / statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Drug Resistance, Bacterial* / genetics,  physiology
Humans
Nasopharyngeal Diseases / drug therapy*,  microbiology*
Nasopharynx / drug effects,  microbiology*
Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects*,  genetics,  isolation & purification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Dynamics of nasopharyngeal colonization by potential respiratory pathogens.
Next Document:  Beta-lactam activity against resistant pneumococcal strains is enhanced by the immune system.