Document Detail


From discretion to disagreement: explaining disparities in judges' pretrial decisions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15549716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Judges are afforded considerable discretion in decision-making. Through their exercise of discretion, judges construct society's notion of crime and justice. This study examined 61 lay judges' bail decision-making in the English criminal justice system. The law states that in particular cases decisions to grant bail or remand in custody should be based on the risk of a defendant absconding, offending, or obstructing justice while on bail. However, there is little guidance on how these judgments should be made and how they should affect decisions. It was found that judges varied (disagreed) in their risk judgments and decisions on the same set of simulated cases. The extent of judicial disagreement differed across cases, and the source of disagreement in decisions lay in the variability of judges' earlier risk judgments. The paper discusses how judicial disagreement may be reduced.
Authors:
Mandeep K Dhami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioral sciences & the law     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0735-3936     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Sci Law     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-28     Completed Date:  2005-10-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404861     Medline TA:  Behav Sci Law     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  367-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, London, ECIV OHB, UK. mkdhami@uvic.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Decision Making*
England
Female
Humans
Judicial Role*
Male
Risk Assessment
Wales

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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