Document Detail

From a Repressilator-Based Circadian Clock Mechanism to an External Coincidence Model Responsible for Photoperiod and Temperature Control of Plant Architecture in Arabodopsis thaliana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23291766     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Circadian clocks enable organisms to define subjective time, that is, to anticipate diurnal day and night cycles. Endogenous circadian rhythms regulate many aspects of an organism's physiological and morphological growth and development. These daily oscillations are synchronized to the environment by external cues such as light and temperature, resulting in enhanced fitness and growth vigor in plants. Recent findings concerning biochemical properties of central oscillators in Arabidopsis thaliana have advanced our understanding of circadian clock function. Central oscillators are composed of three classes of transcriptional repressors. The interactions among them include a repressilator structure. Output from the circadian clock is transduced through regulating transcription of downstream genes directly by the oscillator components. The essential role of the output pathway in the circadian system is to make different elementary steps to serve daily cellular processes exert maximum effects at specific times of the day. Recently, significant progress was made in defining the mechanisms by which plant growth on a day-to-day basis is activated at specific times under specific photoperiod and temperature conditions. Plant growth is controlled by the clock through interactions with light and phytohormone signaling. This review focuses on the node that connects clock output to light and phytohormone signaling that coordinates plant growth with rhythmic changes in the environment.
Takafumi Yamashino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratory of Molecular and Functional Genomics, School of Agriculture, Nagoya University.
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