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From G-quartets to G-ribbon gel by concentration and sonication control.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23354390     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two guanosine analogues have been designed and synthesized by connecting one () or three adamantane branches (). The compound containing a single adamantane branch formed G-quartets in acetonitrile solution, and was then transformed into a G-ribbon gel at concentrations higher than the critical gelation concentration. In contrast, the compound with three adamantane branches precipitated after a heating-cooling process. By means of circular dichroism and UV/visible spectra, NMR, SEM, and structural studies, the mechanism of the formation of the G-quartets and G-ribbon gel, as well as the difference in the self-assembly modes of the two compounds, have been fully elucidated. Compound firstly self-assembled into G-quartets in solutions in the concentration range 5.0 × 10(-4) to 1.0 × 10(-2) M, and these G-quartets were transformed into a G-ribbon on further increasing the concentration. Gelation occurred when the G-ribbon self-assembled into a hexagonal columnar structure with the help of intermolecular hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic interactions. This gel was sensitive to sonication and underwent a morphology change from a columnar structure to a flower-like structure composed of flakes. In contrast, due to steric hindrance, compound only assembled into a spherical structure based on hydrophobic interactions.
Authors:
Luyan Meng; Keyin Liu; Shuli Mo; Yueyuan Mao; Tao Yi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Organic & biomolecular chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  Org. Biomol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101154995     Medline TA:  Org Biomol Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433, China. yitao@fudan.edu.cn.
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