Document Detail


Toward a whole-landscape approach for sustainable land use in the tropics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21081701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increasing food production and mitigating climate change are two primary but seemingly contradictory objectives for tropical landscapes. This special feature examines synergies and trade-offs among these objectives. Four themes emerge from the papers: the important roles of both forest and agriculture sectors for climate mitigation in tropical countries; the minor contribution from deforestation-related agricultural expansion to overall food production at global and continental scales; the opportunities for synergies between improved food production and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions through diversion of agricultural expansion to already-cleared lands, improved soil, crop, and livestock management, and agroforestry; and the need for targeted policy and management interventions to make these synergistic opportunities a reality. We conclude that agricultural intensification is a key factor to meet dual objectives of food production and climate mitigation, but there is no single panacea for balancing these objectives in all tropical landscapes. Place-specific strategies for sustainable land use emerge from assessments of current land use, demographics, and other biophysical and socioeconomic characteristics, using a whole-landscape, multisector perspective.
Authors:
R DeFries; C Rosenzweig
Publication Detail:
Type:  Introductory Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-18     Completed Date:  2010-12-21     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19627-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. rd2402@columbia.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture*
Climate Change
Conservation of Natural Resources*
Environmental Policy
Food
Forestry*
Greenhouse Effect / prevention & control
Trees / growth & development
Tropical Climate*
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor promotes lung metastasis through mobilization of Ly6G+Ly6C+ gr...
Next Document:  Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands.