Document Detail


Frequent CD7 antigen loss in aggressive natural killer-cell leukemia: a useful diagnostic marker.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20046078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Aggressive natural killer-cell leukemia (ANKL) is a rare neoplasm characterized by systemic proliferation of NK cells. However, the differential diagnosis of NK lymphoproliferative disorders is difficult because of the absence of a distinct diagnostic hallmark. Therefore, to identify diagnostic markers for ANKL, we analyzed the clinical data and laboratory findings obtained for 20 patients with ANKL.
METHODS: From January 2000 to July 2007, 20 patients were diagnosed with ANKL on the basis of bone marrow studies. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and laboratory findings, including the complete blood count, Epstein-Barr virus status, immunophenotype, and the cytogenetic results.
RESULTS: The subjects included 6 women and 14 men (median age, 44 yr; range, 2-70 yr). Cytogenetic studies were performed in 18 patients, and karyotypic abnormalities were observed in 9 patients (50%). None of the cytogenetic abnormalities were constantly observed in all the patients. However, 6q abnormalities were observed in 4 patients (4/18, 22%). The immunophenotype of the leukemic NK-cells was cytoplasmic CD3(+), surface CD3(-), CD16/56(+), CD2(+), and CD5(-). Notably, the CD7 antigen was absent in 10 patients (50%). When the CD7 loss was combined with cytogenetic abnormalities, clonal markers could be identified in 75% of the ANKL cases.
CONCLUSIONS: The CD7 antigen loss was frequently observed in our series of ANKL patients. In conjunction with the cytogenetic findings, this characteristic immunophenotypic finding can serve as a reliable marker for the timely diagnosis of ANKL. Therefore, immunophenotypic analysis of CD7 expression should be included in the diagnosis of NK cell neoplasms.
Authors:
Eun-Hyung Yoo; Hee-Jin Kim; Seung-Tae Lee; Won-Seog Kim; Sun-Hee Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Korean journal of laboratory medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1598-6535     ISO Abbreviation:  Korean J Lab Med     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-04     Completed Date:  2010-05-20     Revised Date:  2014-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101322822     Medline TA:  Korean J Lab Med     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  491-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Antigens, CD7 / analysis*
Blood Cell Count
Child
Child, Preschool
Cytogenetics
Female
Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification
Humans
Immunophenotyping
Karyotyping
Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic / diagnosis*
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Tumor Markers, Biological / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, CD7; 0/Tumor Markers, Biological

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