Document Detail


Frequency and velocity of rotational head perturbations during locomotion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3384048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We used the magnetic search coil technique to record horizontal (yaw) and vertical (pitch) head rotations of 20 normal subjects during (1) walking in place, (2) running in place, (3) vigorous, voluntary, horizontal head rotation and (4) vigorous, voluntary, vertical head rotation. During walking or running, the predominant frequency of pitch rotations was at least twice that of yaw rotations. During running, the median, predominant pitch frequency from all subjects was 3.2 Hz, but significant harmonics were present up to 15-20 Hz in several subjects. Group median maximal head velocity during walking or running did not exceed 90 degrees/second. During vigorous, voluntary head rotations median frequency for yaw and pitch was similar and did not exceed 2.6 Hz. However, group median maximal head velocity during vigorous voluntary yaw rotation was 780 degrees/second. Thus, (1) during locomotion, the head is stabilized in space incompletely but adequately so that the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is not saturated, (2) during vigorous, voluntary head rotations, the maximum head velocity exceeds the range where the VOR can stabilize gaze, (3) the frequencies of head rotations that occur during locomotion greatly exceed frequencies conventionally used in the laboratory for testing the VOR.
Authors:
G E Grossman; R J Leigh; L A Abel; D J Lanska; S E Thurston
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0014-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-08-08     Completed Date:  1988-08-08     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-6     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Electromagnetic Fields
Female
Head / physiology*
Humans
Locomotion*
Male
Middle Aged
Movement*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
EY00288/EY/NEI NIH HHS; EY06717/EY/NEI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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