Document Detail

Frequency, significance, and mechanism of myocardial ischemia during daily activities detected by Holter dynamic electrocardiogram.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8933234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Exercise testing (EX) and Holter ECG (DCG) were performed consecutively in 52 patients with ischemic heart disease. A total of 100 episodes of myocardial ischemia (IE) were recorded during DCG in 30 patients, who constituted 94% of the patients with myocardial ischemia under 6 metabolic equivalents (METs) during EX. A significant increase in heart rate (HR) was observed before the development of IE. The duration of this increase in HR was longer in IE than in periods in which the HR increased above the ischemic threshold, but without ischemia. The incidence of IE showed two peaks at 8-10 am and 4-6 pm. The frequency of IE among all of the periods with increased HR was highest at 8-10 am (51%). IE in the morning was associated with a lower HR than that in the afternoon, and LF/HF, which reflects sympathetic activity, evaluated using power spectral analysis, increased before IE in the morning. The early appearance of myocardial ischemia in EX can predict its appearance in daily life. The increase in HR and its duration appear to be associated with the development of IE. The increases in sympathetic activity in the morning and the increase in myocardial oxygen demand accompanied by physical activity in the afternoon most likely contributed to the circadian variation in the incidence of ischemic episodes.
N Nishioka; T Takeuchi; Y Goseki; T Matsubara; H Sato; T Miura; S Terakado; T Uchiyama; T Toyoda; C Ibukiyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese circulation journal     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0047-1828     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. Circ. J.     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-11     Completed Date:  1997-02-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806868     Medline TA:  Jpn Circ J     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  719-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical College, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living*
Circadian Rhythm*
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory*
Exercise Test
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Oxygen Consumption

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