Document Detail

Frequency and natural history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). A prospective study in a Swedish city 1986-1990.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8329955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Frequency and natural history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were prospectively studied in 142 preterm infants with birth weight (BW) less than 1501 g and/or gestational age (GA) below 33 weeks, who were born in Malmö 1986-1990. ROP developed in 27 (19%) of the 142 infants. The frequency of the ROP was significantly higher in infants with BW < or = 1000 g (54%) and in those with GA < or = 28 weeks (40%) than above these values. Infants with ROP had, compared with those without ROP, significantly lower BW, lower GA, lower Apgar score at 1 and 5 min, longer period of oxygen-therapy and higher frequency of neonatal complications. Five infants with stage 3 ROP were treated with cryotherapy; four with moderate changes showed good regression, the fifth with a severe stage 3 progressed and became blind. Up to 5 years follow-up revealed a significantly higher frequency of strabismus (40% vs 8%), myopia (25% vs 4%), and amblyopia (33% vs 6%) in infants with ROP than in those without ROP. Astigmatism and anisometropia were also frequent in children with ROP.
E Maly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica. Supplement     Volume:  -     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol Suppl     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-19     Completed Date:  1993-08-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216417     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol Suppl     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  52-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lund, Malmö General Hospital, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Gestational Age
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Ocular Motility Disorders / etiology
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Prospective Studies
Refractive Errors / etiology
Retinopathy of Prematurity / complications,  epidemiology*,  therapy
Risk Factors
Sweden / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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