Document Detail

Frequency of ischaemic heart disease and stroke in hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20419975     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular accident in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2007 to December 2007 at Shahina Jamil Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. The study included 200 patients with hypertension who attended the medical outpatient's clinic at Shahina Jamil Teaching Hospital of Frontier Medical College Abbottabad. Hypertensive patients of either sex who were of more than 15 years of age were included in the study. All the included patients were investigated for ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and the frequency of these disorders was estimated. RESULTS: Of 200 hypertensive patients, 136 were female and 64 were male with mean age (female = 53.1 +/- 13.5 years and male = 60.1 +/-11.9 years), mean systolic blood pressure (female = 162.0 +/- 27.2 mmHg and male = 160.9 +/- 28.7 mmHg), mean diastolic blood pressure (female = 99.5 +/- 12.9 mmHg and male = 101.6 +/- 15.3 mmHg), mean BMI (female = 28.9 +/- 05.1 and male = 25.8 +/- 03.8), mean total serum cholesterol level (female = 192.3 +/- 15.1 mg/dL and male = 191.0 +/- 17.1 mg/dL), and mean serum triglyceride level (female = 168.7 +/- 15.3 mg/dL and male = 169.2 +/- 20.9 mg/dL). Ischaemic heart disease was present in 44% of hypertensive patients, CVA in 13% with 9% having ischaemic CVA and 4% haemorrhagic CVA. Frequency of IHD and cerebrovascular accident was higher in male hypertensives compared to females. CONCLUSION: Ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular accident are more prevalent in male hypertensives as compared to female hypertensive patients, and frequency of both disorders can be decreased by controlling systemic hypertension.
Nazir Ahmed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0030-9982     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pak Med Assoc     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-27     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501162     Medline TA:  J Pak Med Assoc     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-300     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Frontier Medical College, Abbottabad.
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hypertension / complications*,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia / epidemiology,  etiology*
Pakistan / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Stroke / epidemiology,  etiology*

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