Document Detail

Frequency of food items consumed by young rural and urban African children--essential knowledge to provide dietary advice in caries prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15503854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To determine the variety and frequency of consumption of food items, including cariogenic items, among 4-24-month-old black South African children. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A rural area of low socioeconomic status, Ndunakazi, KwaZulu/Natal Province [n=105]; two urban areas in Gauteng Province: Soweto (low to middle socioeconomic status) [n=100], and the northern suburbs of Johannesburg and Sandton (middle to upper socioeconomic status) [n=101]. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and analysed using SAS. OUTCOME MEASURES: Weekly frequencies for: number of times each food item was recorded; total consumption for each food item for the combined group of children and the three individual geographical areas. Food items were ranked in descending order according to the combined group of children within five selected food groups (carbohydrates, sugars, fruit and vegetables, milk and milk products, other foods and snacks). Only individual area results were listed. RESULTS: The preferred foods and frequency of consumption of these foods were identified. Significant differences were found between rural and urban groups for most of the food items, but not between urban groups. Food items were 'flagged' according to their cariogenic potential. CONCLUSION: The study provided valuable new information suitable for adapting and developing dietary advice relevant to caries prevention in African children
J M MacKeown; W M Faber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International dental journal     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0020-6539     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Dent J     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-26     Completed Date:  2004-11-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374714     Medline TA:  Int Dent J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  284-90     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Dental Research Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group
Child, Preschool
Diet Surveys*
Diet, Cariogenic*
Food Habits / ethnology*
Health Education, Dental
Rural Population
South Africa
Urban Population

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