Document Detail


Frequency of Factor VIII (FVIII) Inhibitor in Haemophilia A.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22538032     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To determine the frequency of factor VIII specific inhibitors in haemophilia A. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi, from August 2007 to March 2009. Methodology: Venous blood samples of diagnosed haemophilia A patients were collected in tubes containing 0.109 M (3.2%) trisodium citrate, centrifuged without delay at 1200 G for 15 minutes. Factor VIII inhibitors were screened by APTT based method using 50:50 patients' plasma mixed with normal plasma incubated together for 2 hours at 37°C. Quantitative assay was carried out to measure Bethesda units (BU). Samples were labelled as low titre inhibitor when less than 5 BU detected, while high titre inhibitor when more than 5 BU were detected. Results: A total of 140 Haemophilia A patients were evaluated for allo-antibodies who received treatment with FVIII concentrates / FFP/ cryoprecipitate. Among them 21 patients (15%) were found to have positive screening test results for inhibitors. The mean age of patients with inhibitors was 11.9 + 8.81 years. Thirteen were high responders (62%) while 8 were low responders (38%). The mean inhibitor level in low (titre) responders was 2.46 + 1.31 BU while in high (titre) responders it was 29.15 + 12.81 BU. According to severity of the disease 12/21 with severe haemophilia A (57.2%) developed inhibitors, whereas 8/21 with moderate (38%) and 1/21 with mild haemophilia A (4.7%) showed positive results for inhibitors. Conclusion: Fifteen percent haemophilia A patients developed inhibitors in this cohort, majority with severe and moderate haemophilia A. Age and severity of disease were found to be main contributing factors in patients who developed inhibitors.
Authors:
Munira Borhany; Meena Kumari; Tahir Shamsi; Arshi Naz; Tasneem Farzana
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1681-7168     ISO Abbreviation:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606447     Medline TA:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Haemostasis and Thrombosis, National Institute of Blood Disease & Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi.
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