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Free-radical degradation of high-molar-mass hyaluronan induced by Weissberger's oxidative system: Potential antioxidative effect of bucillamine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23353859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Hyaluronan (HA), one of the main components of extracellular matrix, is a glycosaminoglycan composed of repeating disaccharide units of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine and d-glucuronic acid linked by β-(1→4) and β-(1→3) glycoside bonds. High-molar-mass HA was used as a model for studying its oxidative degradation. In the present paper protective effects of bucillamine against the free-radical degradation of HA were investigated. The HA fragments generated were characterized as well. METHODS: To induce free-radical-mediated degradation of high-molar-mass HA under aerobic conditions, we applied Weissberger's oxidative system, comprising biogenic compounds in relevant pathophysiological concentrations, i.e. 100 µM ascorbate plus 1 µM Cu(II). Time-dependent decreases of dynamic viscosity of the HA solutions were recorded by rotational viscometry. Electron donor behaviors of bucillamine were studied by a standard ABTS test method and a chemiluminescence (CL) assay. Ability of incorporation of generated bucillamine thiyl radicals into the biopolymer was verified by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and size exclusion chromatography with a multi-angle light scattering photometer (SEC-MALS). RESULTS: Decrease of HA viscosity reflected HA degradation. The drug tested was applied in two arrangements: to prevent •OH radical generation (1) and ROO• type radicals propagation (2). Bucillamine, which acted as an efficient •H donor, is also a proper electron donor, as proved by ABTS and CL assays. FT-IR and SEC-MALS methods showed that the drug tested did not incorporate into the biopolymer chains. CONCLUSION: Bucillamine significantly protected high-molar-mass HA against free-radical degradation in vitro, and supposedly this positive action of the drug may be involved in its beneficial effect observed in clinical practice.
Authors:
Maria Banasova; Vlasta Sasinkova; Raniero Mendichi; Tomas Perecko; Katarina Valachova; Ivo Juranek; Ladislav Soltes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuro endocrinology letters     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0172-780X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuro Endocrinol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008373     Medline TA:  Neuro Endocrinol Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  151-154     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.
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