Document Detail


Free diet selection by broilers as influenced by dietary macronutrient ratio and corticosterone supplementation. 1. Diet selection, organ weights, and plasma metabolites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12580254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Male broiler chickens (aged 21 d) were allowed to chose freely for 14 d between three diets in which only one specific macronutrient (protein, lipid, or carbohydrate) was isocalorically substituted for one other macronutrient, but otherwise (nearly) isocaloric and composed of the same ingredients. The three diets were low protein (LowCP; 15.81% CP; 6.56% lipid; 50.78% carbohydrate), low lipid (LowL; 19.63% CP; 3.01% lipid; 51.12% carbohydrate), and low carbohydrate (LowCHO; 19.50% CP; 7.72% lipid; 44.00% carbohydrate). The chickens either received 0, 30, or 45 mg of corticosterone (CORT) per kg diet. As a percentage of their total intake, unsupplemented chickens consumed 24.0, 71.4, and 4.6% of the LowCP, LowL, and LowCHO diets, respectively, giving a total CP, L, and CHO intake of 282, 61, and 765 g, respectively. The addition of CORT significantly changed the diet selection, as compared to the unsupplemented chickens, CORT chickens consumed a greater percentage from the LowCP (35%), less from the LowL (55%), and again more from the Low-CHO (10%) diet. On the other hand, total feed consumption, macronutrient, and ME intake were not altered significantly by CORT supplementation, probably because of the close similarity of the diets. Corticosterone-supplemented chickens manifested hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and uric acidemia suggesting insulin resistance, increased lipogenesis and protein catabolism, respectively. The elevated plasma creatine kinase (CK) activities of CORT chickens are also suggestive for decreased muscle cell membrane stability. Furthermore, CORT chickens were characterized by increased proportional weights of liver, abdominal fat pad, proventriculus, and gizzard, whereas an involution of spleen and bursa was observed. In conclusion, the present results suggest that high circulating levels of CORT as in the case of stress results in metabolic alterations, which in turn, affects diet preference as a compensatory mechanism to adapt energy and nutrient metabolism.
Authors:
R D Malheiros; V M B Moraes; A Collin; E Decuypere; J Buyse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-12     Completed Date:  2003-04-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
CNPq, Brasília, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
Animals
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Body Weight
Chickens / physiology*
Corticosterone / administration & dosage*,  blood
Creatine Kinase / blood
Diet*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Food Preferences / drug effects*
Gizzard / anatomy & histology
Lipids / blood
Liver / anatomy & histology
Male
Organ Size / drug effects*
Triglycerides / blood
Uric Acid / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Lipids; 0/Triglycerides; 50-22-6/Corticosterone; 69-93-2/Uric Acid; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

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