Document Detail


Framework for research on children's reactions to disasters and terrorist events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Clinical work and research relative to child mental health during and following disaster are especially challenging due to the complex child maturational processes and family and social contexts of children's lives. The effects of disasters and terrorist events on children and adolescents necessitate diligent and responsible preparation and implementation of research endeavors. Disasters present numerous practical and methodological barriers that may influence the selection of participants, timing of assessments, and constructs being investigated. This article describes an efficient approach to guide both novice and experienced researchers as they prepare to conduct disaster research involving children. The approach is based on five fundamental research questions: "Why?, Who?, When?, What?, and How?" Addressing each of the "four Ws" will assist researchers in determining "How" to construct and implement a study from start to finish. A simple diagram of the five questions guides the reader through the components involved in studying children's reactions to disasters. The use of this approach is illustrated with examples from disaster mental health studies in children, thus simultaneously providing a review of the literature.
Authors:
Betty Pfefferbaum; Mary A Noffsinger; Kathleen Sherrieb; Fran H Norris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review     Date:  2012-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prehospital and disaster medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1049-023X     ISO Abbreviation:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-23     Completed Date:  2013-02-26     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918173     Medline TA:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  567-76     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Terrorism and Disaster Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126, USA. betty-pfefferbaum@ouhsc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Attitude*
Child
Disasters
Family / psychology
Humans
Mental Health
Needs Assessment
Research Design*
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
Terrorism / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P60 MH082598/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R25 MH070569/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R25 MH070569/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U79 SM57278/SM/CMHS SAMHSA HHS
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