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Fracture strength of porcelain fused to metal crowns made of cast, milled or laser-sintered cobalt-chromium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23320554     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Aims. The aim was to compare the fracture strength of porcelain fused to metal crowns with copings fabricated in Co-Cr using different manufacturing techniques (casting, milling and laser-sintering) with crowns manufactured in a high-gold alloy. Methods. A total of 50 identical crowns were fabricated and sub-divided into five groups; cast Co-Cr, milled Co-Cr, two groups of laser-sintered Co-Cr and a control group cast in a high-gold alloy. After thermocycling (5000 cycles, 5-55°C) and pre-load (30-300 N, 10,000 cycles) the crowns were loaded until fracture. Load (N) and fracture mode were recorded. Results. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in fracture strength between the control group and one of the laser-sintered groups. The mean values (N) for the groups were as follows: cast Co-Cr, 1560 ± 274; milled Co-Cr, 1643 ± 153; laser-sintered Co-Cr 1, 1448 ± 168; laser-sintered Co-Cr 2, 1562 ± 72; control group, 1725 ± 220. Conclusion. There is no difference in strength between Co-Cr crowns produced using the different production technologies: casting, milling or laser-sintering. Metal ceramic crowns made with copings fabricated in a high-gold alloy present numerically higher fracture strength than crowns made with copings fabricated in Co-Cr alloys. The difference is confirmed when analyzing the fracture surfaces, but the difference in fracture strength value is limited and is only significant with regard to one of the two laser-sintered groups.
Sozan Hama Suleiman; Per Vult von Steyern
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-3850     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Odontol. Scand.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University , Malmö , Sweden.
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