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Fractional flow reserve-guided coronary bypass surgery: should surgeons use it?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24100651     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physiology-based evaluation in stable ischemic heart disease is transforming percutaneous cardiovascular intervention (PCI). Fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided PCI is associated with more appropriate and beneficial outcomes at lower costs. The surgical community can no longer ignore this development. We review evidence for the rationale, practicality and appropriateness of FFR-guided coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), as compared with the current conventional, anatomy-based strategy for surgical revascularization.
RECENT FINDINGS: Physiologic evaluation links the nature (anatomic or functional) of coronary stenoses to the perfused myocardium supplied by the target vessel and challenges the use of anatomy as the sole criterion for revascularization intervention. In CABG, a functional perfusion deficit/ischemia identifies myocardial territories that would physiologically benefit from revascularization by grafting beyond the functional stenosis. Conversely, deliberately not grafting beyond an anatomic stenosis would dramatically change the procedure of CABG. Recent studies of functionally guided revascularization (PCI or CABG) support this approach, while recent trials of PCI vs. CABG demonstrated a late survival advantage with anatomy-based CABG. Finally, new intraoperative imaging technologies are elucidating the physiologic consequences of surgical revascularization in real time, yielding insights into resolving this dilemma.
SUMMARY: Physiologic-based revascularization is challenging our thinking about the historic strategy for CABG. Understanding better the physiologic consequences of revascularization will drive the evolution of CABG in the future.
T Bruce Ferguson; C Chen; Ashesh N Buch
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-7080     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608087     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine at ECU, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
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