Document Detail

Fractal analysis of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease patients and mouse models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20015575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The varied morphological and biochemical forms in which amyloid deposits in brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are complex and their mechanisms of formation are not completely understood. Here we investigated the ability of fractal dimension (FD) to differentiate between the textures of commonly observed amyloid plaques in sporadic and familial AD patients and aged-control individuals as well as in transgenic mouse models of amyloidosis. Studying more than 6000 amyloid plaques immunostained for total Aβ (Aβt), Aβ40 or Aβ42, we show here that Aβ40 FD could efficiently differentiate between (i) AD patients and aged-control individuals (P<0.001); (ii) sporadic and familial AD due to presenilin-1 or APP (A692G) mutations (P<0.001); and (iii) three transgenic mouse models of different genotypes (P<0.001). Furthermore, while diffuse and dense-core plaques present in humans and transgenic mice had comparable FDs, both Aβt and Aβ42 FD could also differentiate diffuse plaques from other plaque types in both species (P<0.001). Our data suggest that plaque FD could be a valuable tool for objective, computer-oriented AD diagnosis as well as for genotype-phenotype correlations of AD.
Daniel Pirici; Caroline Van Cauwenberghe; Christine Van Broeckhoven; Samir Kumar-Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-12-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobiology of aging     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1558-1497     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurobiol. Aging     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100437     Medline TA:  Neurobiol Aging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1579-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Neurodegenerative Brain Diseases Group, Department of Molecular Genetics, VIB, Antwerpen, Belgium; Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Institute Born Bunge, Antwerpen, Belgium; University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium.
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